North Wales Islamic Societies
Age group: 6-7
Main Focus: To introduce the Qur'an and Islamic practices on a simple level with more substance than first grade.
Learning Abilities: Maturity levels among students of this age vary widely. Some will seem like child prodigies while others will barely be able to write their own name. Most children will fall somewhere in between. The average student can read reasonable well if the text is not overly laden with three or more syllable words. Concepts must still be somewhat simplified and using techniques such as life-reference, narratives and stage techniques still need to be employed.
Formats to Avoid: Do not give too much homework yet, even though they know how to write. A homework assignment should take no more than ten to fifteen minutes for the average child to complete.
Preferred Format: A mixture of reading from the textbooks, question and answer time, in class assignments, story telling and fun activities. Students should be asked questions more often in this class and the tone of voice of the teacher of Islam must be pleasant and loving as much as possible. Advice: Never yell at a child because your lesson will be lost, even though you may feel great at having had a release of pent-up anger and stress, the child will associate whatever you with Islam. Children at this age level can be very trying. Learn the lessons of Sabr (patience) so you can give the lessons of Sabr.
Islamic Studies Level 2
Our Book of Du'a
Color and Learn Salah
"In the Name of Allah, the Caring and Kind. Whatever Abu Lahab's hands have done is cut off! His money and his things won't save him, because he will be surrounded by a hot fire. And his wife, who will add more wood to the fire, will have a twisted fiber chain strung around her neck.
"In the Name of Allah, the Caring and Kind. Didn't you seen how your Lord dealt with the Army of the Elephant? Didn't He stop their evil plans? He let loose upon them a flight of flying things that hit them with stone-hard blows they couldn't escape. They looked like a farm field that was harvested and cut down.
"In the Name of Allah, the Caring and Kind. The treaties of Quraish. The treaties which protect them on their caravans through winter and summer. They should obey the Lord of this Shrine (the Ka'bah), because He is the One Who provides them with their food-supplies against hunger and their security against danger.
"In the Name of Allah, the Caring and Kind. Have you ever seen a person who is against the Deen? He pushes the orphan away and doesn't feel bad for the poor. So, a warning to people who pray but who are careless about it, whose prayers are only for show; refusing to share even the smallest kindness.
"In the Name of Allah, the Caring and Kind. Declare, "All you who reject (belief in Allah)! I don't serve what you serve, nor do you serve what I do. And I won't serve what you serve, nor will you serve what I serve. To you, your way of life, and to me, mine."
"In the Name of Allah, the Caring and Kind. Allah! There is no god but He, the Living, Who doesn't need anyone else but Whom all others need. He never gets tired and He never needs to rest. To Him belongs space and the earth; who can say anything without His permission? He knows everything people have done and will do, and no one can know the least of His knowledge, unless He wants them to. His throne covers over space and the earth and He doesn't get tired in protecting them. Only He is the Most High, the Lord Supreme."
"In the Name of Allah, the Caring and Kind. People! We created you from a single pair of a male and a female and made you into nations and groups so you can come to know each other. The best among you in the sight of Allah is the one with the most Taqwa (awareness of Allah)."
1. Allah knows what happens all the time. He knows everything. When some bad thing happens, we are being tested to see how we act about it. When a good thing happens we are also being tested. Allah never makes us do bad. He is in today, tomorrow and yesterday all at the same time.
2. When we have Taqwa, we are true believers. Taqwa is knowing that Allah is there and always remembering He sees us. We want to stay away from bad and like to do good when we have Taqwa. Taqwa is like Iman, except it is a bigger thing.
3. Go into more detail about what Allah is and is not. Introduce the concept of Allah being known through His attributes. The children can learn the following names and their significance: "Al Wadud" (the Loving), "Al Rahman" (the Caring or Merciful), "Al Malik" (the King or Controller), "Baseer" (the One Who Sees), "Al Quddoos" (the Special One or the Holy One).
4. You may begin highlighting a few of the false ideas about Allah that the Christians have. They say there are three gods in one and that God is a man. They also say God has a wife mother and that God gave birth to Himself. The skilled and informed teacher can have a lot of fun expressing the utter stupidity of these beliefs to students. This is important so they can realize the value of Tauhid. Some people may disagree with the approach of showing that Christianity is wrong, but to them I ask, "Then what do you believe is right?"
5. The students should learn the Iman ul Mufassil in English only and be able to list the seven beliefs of Islam. "I believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, the Measurement, both the good and the bad are from Allah the High and in Life after Death."
8. Elaborate on the concept that the proof of Allah is all around us in the perfection of nature and the natural world. The science teacher should be aware that this concept must be promoted on a daily basis. Don't just say, "Rocks were formed millions of years ago..." Say, "Allah caused rocks to form millions of years ago..." Do you get the picture?
10. Mention the Hadith about the Angel Jibra'il coming to a gathering and asking the Prophet about the beliefs of Islam, Ihsan and the signs of the Last Day. Use this to show that Angels can disguise themselves and take on human forms.
11. The names of the five known revelations of Allah tied to the Prophet who bore them must be introduced. The purpose of revelation and how people are to follow it can be highlighted. The corruption and losing of the books prior to the Qur'an must be mentioned.
13. The Qur'an can be introduced in more detail. The textbook, "My Little Book about the Qur'an" may be useful in this regard. The Qur'an is the Book of Allah and the Hadith are the sayings of the Prophet. whatever is in either of them is binding on Muslims to follow.
1. There are many different ways to say the Shahadah. Another word for Shahadah, which means "The Declaration or Announcement" is the word Kalimah, or Statement. There are seven different Kalimahs. Each one of them is a different way to say that there in no god except Allah. Some are long and some are short.
3. The next Kalimah is the one we say to become a Muslim. It is, "Ashahadu an la ilaha illallah, wa ashahadu anna Muhammadar Rasulullah." "I say that there is no god but Allah and I say that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah."
4. The third Kalimah is what we say in our Salat everyday. It is called the Kalimah Shahadat. It is, "Ashahadu an la ilaha illallah, wahdahu la shareeka lahu, wa ashahadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa Rasulhoo." "I say that there is no god but Allah, Who is one with no partners, and I say that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger."
5. The details of the Salat can be strengthened partially in this grade. During this grade level, the students must have been able to master all the previous knowledge taught in lower grades. They should know the terms for each movement of the Salat, they should know the times and the timings of Salat, they should know the names of the five Fard prayers, they should also be introduced to the difference between Fard and Sunnah prayers. Don't mention the terms Wajib, Nafl or Mustahab yet, save that for fourth and fifth grade. The basic concept we want to impart here is that there are five required prayers and then extra prayers which we do for extra credit called "Sunnah" prayers.
6. The "Sunnah" prayers they should be aware of, and encouraged to practice are: the two Rak'ahs before Fajr, four before Zuhr and two after it, two before 'Asr, two after Maghrib and the two before and after 'Isha. If we can succeed in getting them to adopt those "Sunnah" prayers successfully, then a great achievement will have been accomplished.
7. At this grade level, all the required phrases and statements of the Salat procedure will be expected to be mastered. There may be a few students who couldn't get it right during first grade, gently, and I mean gently, nudge them along so they can catch up.
8. The concept of Dhikr should be introduced. Dhikr literally means to remember. The students will be taught that we should remember Allah so we can be more loved by Him and so that we can get good deeds and feel better inside.
9. Along with that, of course, the concept of getting Allah's reward should be expanded. The introductory Dhikr formulas that can be introduced are: saying, "Subhanullah," "Alhumdulillah," and "Allahu Akbar" after the Salat has finished. Each phrase should be said 33 times each with the last phrase being said 34 times. Another phrase is: "La ilaha illallah" at least ten times. Explain that this is the best phrase a Muslim can say and the most important. The Blessed Prophet said, "There is a phrase that is easy on the tongue but heavy in the scale and that phrase is 'La ilaha illallah.'" (Hadith)
10. The institution of fasting will be broadened in scope. In addition to what was learned in lower grades, we will be elaborating on the concept of sacrifice and self-control, in a simple way. The teacher should mention a few simple ahadith about fasting and how much Allah loves it.
13. The Islamic advice about eating should be introduced, "Keep one third of the stomach for food, one third for liquid and one third for air." (Hadith) Over-eating and eating the wrong kinds of foods will be discussed. Dates, milk, water and natural foods will be encouraged for every meal. (This is an important theme because, unfortunately, almost all parents fill their children's lunch-boxes with candy, processed, fat-laden food or chocolate.)
16. More exposure to the benefits of Hajj will be introduced. The actual rituals will not be detailed. Instead, the main rituals of Tawaf, Sa'i and Jamarat can be highlighted in a fun and interesting way. A three-D model of the Ka'bah can be purchased and displayed. Students can write short essays based on interviews with family members who went on Hajj.
F. If a nightmare comes and scares us in our sleep, we should say, "Owthzubillahim ashaytanir rajeem." "Allah protect me from the rejected Shaytan." Then we make a spitting motion (without spitting) to our left three times and we will feel better.
1. The story of Abu Bakr can be elaborated upon along with a few general details of his Khilafah. Stories and anecdotes are paramount. His example of truth, friendship and faithfulness can be highlighted.
2. The stories of the following Prophets/People should be taught in an interesting way. Make the stories come alive by reciting their history in a dramatic and entertaining way. Don't just read from a book. Make it a magical experience for them. Don't forget to bring props and visual aids. The children can even be given puppet shows with hand puppets to make the stories more real.